OpenStack on Raspberry Pi: Part 2 – Getting Started

In part 1 we talked about the “Why” behind this project. In this, we start talking about the “How”. In this post, the “How” that we will cover, will get us from “Ok I have a rPI” to where we’re ready to install OpenStack.

We’ll cover:

  • What we’re building
  • Getting an OS onto the rPI
  • Connecting to the rPI
  • Building an LXC compatible Kernel
  • Launching an LXC container

Note: Rather than cover all of these steps explicitly (as there are a lot of them) I will link out to the resources used along the way.

What we’re building

For this setup, I have two Raspberry Pi’s that will be used in a “Controller / All-in-one” and “Compute” node type setup. Here they are:

More specifically, the architecture will look something like this:

The rPI’s themselves are the Model B.

Getting an OS onto the rPI

This was likely one of the easiest steps. In this case I used the directions provided by the Raspberry Pi folks, installed Noobs onto an SD card, and on first boot selected Raspian. Additionally, I over clocked both Pi as high as they would run, and reduced the video memory to 16MB.

Directions here.

Connecting to the rPI

Once installed, I configured the wifi whilst I still had it connected to a monitor. From there, however, everything is DHCP, so how to find them? For that, I used the following:

$ sudo nmap -sP

Which yielded:

Nmap scan report for
Host is up (0.51s latency).
MAC Address: 80:1F:02:BC:07:45 (Edimax Technology Co.) 

From there, you can ssh to the rPI using:

ssh pi@ (or putty on Windows)

Building an LXC compatible Kernel

This step took a REALLY long time. Over 5 hours or so. Before you get started, you will want to install screen and run these commands from within a screen session. It will make your life easier should the network flake out in the middle of this process.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y screen


Once you are in screen you can change windows and otherwise operate using some of the bits found here.

The most comprehensive / working set of steps to get LXC running I found were these. You will need to complete all of them before moving on.

Launching an LXC container

After you’ve let the rPI do it’s compiling and rebooting run this command to ensure that LXC is happy enough to work:

# lxc-checkconfig
--- Namespaces ---
Namespaces: enabled
Utsname namespace: enabled
Ipc namespace: enabled
Pid namespace: enabled
User namespace: missing
Network namespace: enabled
Multiple /dev/pts instances: enabled

--- Control groups ---
Cgroup: enabled
Cgroup clone_children flag: enabled
Cgroup device: enabled
Cgroup sched: enabled
Cgroup cpu account: enabled
Cgroup memory controller: enabled

--- Misc ---
Veth pair device: enabled
Macvlan: enabled
Vlan: enabled
File capabilities: enabled

Note : Before booting a new kernel, you can check its configuration
usage : CONFIG=/path/to/config /usr/local/bin/lxc-checkconfig

Next up, you will need to complete these instructions to build and launch your first LXC container. Make sure it launches before you attempt to move into part 3.


Wee! So, 5 hours or 7 or so. Whatever… it’s LXC on an rPI! You did follow these directions on both units, right? It’s ok if you didn’t, the ‘controller’ Pi will still work with a single compute Pi.

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