VMware VIX – Changing IP’s of a Guest VM

As a demonstration of the power of VIX, I’ve chosen to show you how to change IP addresses of a Windows VM. You may want to buckle up for this.

First, grab the VIX API installable from VMware’s site. In this case we’ll be using the Windows version (because that is the VM I happen to be writing this post from). The install is quick and puts all the files into “%PROGRAMFILES%\VMware\VMware VIX”.

Lets get our command prompt open:
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Cool, now lets check the IP of our Windows VM:

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Now, lets change it:

C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware VIX>vmrun -T esx -h https://esx.example.com/sdk -u nerv\cody.bunch -p apassword -gu Administrator -gp anotherpassword  runProgramInGuest “[sanstorage1] test/test.vmx” c:\windows\system32\netsh int ip set address “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.15.25 255.255.255.0 192.168.15.1

(That is all one line, the blog wrapped it)

Now for the lovely error!

2008-12-12_1214

Not rightly sure on that one. I’ve opened an SR for it. We’ll see how it goes.

30 thoughts on “VMware VIX – Changing IP’s of a Guest VM

  • i tried the above command replacing the respective gateway and ips …. it says “Error Unable to connect to host” … Am i supposed to replace anything else in the command other than the IPs ???

  • There is quite a bit that needs to get changed…See the bracketed parts below.

    vmrun -T esx -h [youresxhosthere] -u [esx user] -p [esx password] -gu [Guest User] -gp [Guest Password] runProgramInGuest “[Path] to/the.vmx” c:windowssystem32netsh int ip set address “Local Area Connection” static 192.168.15.25 255.255.255.0 192.168.15.1

  • I get a message : can't find the VM
    Everything is fine, host connection works, every path settings are correct … still it won't find the VMX file …

    Thanks for helping me … I'm quite stuck with it.

  • vmrun -T esx -h esxhostname -u root -p password -gu domainuser -gp password runProgramInGuest “/vmfs/volumes/lunname/file.vmx” c:windowssystem32netsh int ip set address “Local Area Connection” static 10.0.0.10 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.1

    And the message is simply “can't find the VM” … i first had host connection error, but solved it … everything is ok except the VM can't be found.

  • Oki, thanks … I'll get back to you. By the way … is Powershell to be installed on the VM ? or can it run remotely from the virtual center ?

  • i installed it on the VC and I just want to change my replicated VM's IP because my desaster recovery VLAN is different from the production one. I have no extended VLANs … so basicaly I can't use VBS and have to do my changes through the VC and address the VM through the host …

    If you have any other idea that may work in this context … I take every advise on the subject.

    Goal is to change all my VMs IP starting from a matching table between the production IP / VMName / Destination IP.
    I also need to update the Gateway, Mask and DNS.

  • Check that the VM is powered on, and on the host you are connecting to. When
    specifying the host, use the path to the sdk, so https://hostname/sdk.
    Finally, instead of “vmfs/volumes/volume/vm.vmx” I'd use the name & path how
    they appear in the VI Client: “[Volume] vmname/vmname.vmx”.

    Let me know how those changes work out.

    -C

  • I tried the command and here's the message :

    Error: Cannot open VM: [snap-30f94840-Cluster-A01-AMS2300-17] Par1CX4-09/Par1CX4
    -09.vmx, The virtual machine cannot be found

    The lun name is correct, so is the machine name, and the files are well present in the mentioned directory …

  • I tried the command and here's the message :

    Error: Cannot open VM: [snap-30f94840-Cluster-A01-AMS2300-17] Par1CX4-09/Par1CX4
    -09.vmx, The virtual machine cannot be found

    The lun name is correct, so is the machine name, and the files are well present in the mentioned directory …

  • Hi,
    one question: with vmrun the guestos must running in ESX. Is it possible to change the ip address in a guestos Windows that is powered off?

    With Linux I can mount the .vmdk and edit /etc/network/interfaces… but in Windows?

    Thanks,
    Nazzareno

  • Hello
    I need a script to change of solaris guest's ip address ? is it possible that changing of solaris guest ip without login to solaris os ?

    Thank you.

  • When you run just $net1 in powershell, do you get more than one object returned? If so, you might want to try changing this portion:
    set-vmguestnetworkinterface -vmguestinterface $net1[0]

  • Did you happen to figure this out? I’m in the same scenario and have zero scripting abilities. Any reference or advice is appreciated.

  • hi, i was wondering if this solution would useful for a free license ESXI 4 …
    thx at advance

  • Can you please send me the command to change the Ip of Guest OS which was installed with Solaris OS

  • It’s been forever and a day since I’ve worked with vix. If you have the commands to do this while logged into Solaris, adapting it for use with vix shouldn’t be too difficult.

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